Puffins in Ireland
puffin is one of Ireland's most recognisable birds. With it's squat
stature, black & white plumage, and multi-coloured beak the
puffin is widely loved.
are mostly pelagic but visit Irish shores in Spring and Summer.
Puffins are a type of auk and feed by diving after their prey into
classic image of puffins shows them holding a number of sand eels
in their beak at the same time.
Name for Puffin
Irish word for puffin is Puifin.
many auks, puffins eat both fish and zooplankton. However they feed
their single chick small marine fish including sand eel and herring.
As mentioned earlier puffins are unusual in their ability to hold
up to twelve small fish at a time. They do this rather than regurgitating
permits them to take longer hunting trips, since they can come back
with more food energy for their chick. This unique behaviour is
made possible by a hinging mechanism of their bill that allows the
upper and lower biting edges to meet at a number of different angles.
nest in colonies along the Irish coast and on offshore islands.
The will nest in crevices, wide cracks and burrows. They have even
been known to evict rabbits from their burrows. Puffins try to avoid
areas where mammalian predators might exist.
lay a single white egg which they incubate for 36 to 43 days. The
chick usually fledges 34-44 days after hatching.
Facts About Puffins
puffin has been recorded with a total of 83 sand eels in it's beak.
oldest puffin ever recorded was one specimen in 2012 aged almost
37 years - 36 years, 11 months, and 22 days.