Pheasants in Ireland
pheasant is one of Ireland's most distinctive birds. The attractive
males are unmistakable with any other Irish bird. Although many
people think of pheasants as a native indigenous bird, in fact they
were introduced to Britain by the Normans and it is thought that
they were introduced to Ireland in the 16th century. The pheasant
originated in Asia and was introduced to Europe as game bird.
pheasant is large bird with long legs and long barred tail. Male
pheasants have a bottle green head, with red fleshy, and flashy,
head sides. They also have an obvious white collar. The males are
reddish brown and have a very long tail the upperparts of which
are spotted white and finely marked underparts. Female pheasants
are quite different and far less showy. They are buff-brown with
spots on the flanks and fine angular markings on the upperparts.
Females also have a long tail.
Name for Pheasant
Irish term for pheasant is Piasún.
omnivores pheasants have a varied diet. They forage on the ground
and sometimes in trees. A typical pheasant diet includes seeds,
berries, grass, leaves, fruit, and invertebrates such as insects
scratch around in the undergrowth for food and will also use their
beaks to dig in the soil to a depth of 8 centimetres.
pheasant's nest is usually a hollow on the ground under a hedge
or among tall grass. The male often accompanies several females,
and will vigorously defend his territory and his hens from intruding
males. Pheasant eggs, are about 45 mm by 36 mm in size, are smooth,
non-glossy, and olive-brown. The female alone incubates the eggs
and tends to the chicks. Young pheasants are precocial i.e. they
are relatively mature and mobile from the moment of hatching.
Name: Phasianus colchicus
74cm Wingspan: 80cm Weight:
M 1.4kg / F 0.98kg
: Hoarse alarm call when the bird is flushed
Farmland, scrub, wood
Omnivorous. Variety of foods from the ground including grain,
seeds, green shoots and invertebrates.
Number of Eggs:
No. of Clutches:
Less than 1 year
Status in Ireland: GREEN
Range in Ireland
pheasant is a permanent resident and is widespread and common throughout