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Coal Tits in Ireland

Coal Tit

The Coal Tit is one of Ireland's top-twenty most common garden bird. It is not as colourful as some of it's close relatives. Nevertheless the Coal Tit has a distinctive grey back, black cap, and white patch at the back of its neck.

It has a smaller and more slender bill than the Blue Tit and the Great Tit. This means it can feed more successfully than it;s close relatives in conifers.

Coal tits are regular visitors to most peanut feeders and they will take and store food for eating later. In winter they join with other tits to form flocks that roam through woodlands and gardens in search of food.

Irish Name for Coal Tit

The Irish word for Coal Tit is Meantán dubh.

Coal Tit Feeding

Coal Tits mainly feed on small insects but also eat seeds, particularly in the winter time. Like all tits they love peanuts, sunflower hearts, black sunflower seeds and suet.

They are regular visitors to bird tables in urban gardens and will readily use a peanut feeder. Coal Tits will also happily feed on domestic scraps.

They are very acrobatic, often hangs upside-down on branches while pecking at buds or foraging for insects.

Coal Tits Nesting

Coal Tit nest with egg

Coal Tits breed throughout Ireland and will nest in hollows in trees or in mouse holes. They mostly nest in coniferous woodland, but also in other woodland, farmland and urban gardens. Their nest is similar to that of the Blue Tit, made from moss, wool, dead leaves and spiders' webs, except that it is moss-lined.

The Coal Tit's eggs are small, 15 mm by 12 mm, and are smooth and glossy, and white with reddish-brown speckles. The hen incubates the eggs by herself. After they hatch the chicks are fed by both parents.

Interesting Facts About Coal Tits

Although the average lifespan of a Coat Tit is just two years, one individual was recorded at eight years, nine months, and 26 days. This record was set in 1983.

Coal Tit

Scientific Name:
Periparus ater hibernicus

Order:
Passeriformes

Family:
Paridae

Irish Status:
Resident

Length: 12cm Wingspan: 19cm Weight: M & F: 9g

Call: Clxxxxx.

Habitat: Woodland, urban areas.

Diet: Insect and spiders, also seeds in winter, mostly on outer branches of conifers.

Nesting:
April-May
Breeding Age:
From 1 year
Number of Eggs:
9-10
No. of Clutches:
1 or 2
Incubation (days):
14-16
Fledging (days):
16-19
Lifespan:
2 years

Conservation Status in Ireland: Green

Coal Tit Range in Ireland

The song thrush is resident throughout Ireland.

Map of the range of Coal Tites in Ireland.

Arctic Terns in Ireland - Blue Tits in Ireland - Coal Tits in Ireland - Goldfinches in Ireland - Great Tits in Ireland - Grey Herons in Ireland - Jackdaws in Ireland - Longtailed Tits in Ireland - Magpies in Ireland - Mallards in Ireland - Mistle Thrushes in Ireland - Mute Swans in Ireland - Pheasants in Ireland - Puffins in Ireland - Robins in Ireland - Rooks in Ireland - Song Thrushes in Ireland - Starlings in Ireland - Swallows in Ireland - Swans in Tallaght - Swans Oil-Damaged - Waxwings in Ireland - Woodpigeons in Ireland - Wrens in Ireland

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